Annex B - Types of standards

To consider the suitability of standards in the promotion of good policy and programs, it is important to consider the different types available and the expected outcome. Below is a description of each type of standard. Policy officers should use the list below to familiarise themselves with the types of standard their policy or program may require.

Product, process and service standards

Product processes and service standards are standards that specify the characteristics (including dimensions), design, construction or composition of a product, process or service. They ensure acceptable performance, reliability, durability, finish or other characteristics necessary to ensure the suitability for purpose envisaged by purchasers or users.

e.g. AS3972/2010 specifies the minimum requirements for hydraulic cements

Design standards

Designs standards are a means by which the essence of long experience and research in design is expressed in a concise and ready available form. They are a basic element of nearly all engineering and building projects and are largely concerned with safety, making them suitable for reference in regulation.

e.g. AS/NZS 60335 deals with the safety of electrical appliances for household use

Code of practice

A code of practice specifies the practices or procedures for the design, manufacture, installation, maintenance, or utilisation of equipment, structures or products.

e.g. ISO/IEC 27002 provides guidelines for organisational information security and information security management practice

Safety standards

Safety standards provide guidance on safety in health, life and property matters.

e.g. AS 4024.1-2014 provides guidelines to reduce the risk of working with, or near machinery

Compliance standards

Compliance standards specify performance requirements to ensure or give confidence that products are suitable for its intended use.

e.g. NMI R76 provides tests to ensure the accuracy of Non-automatic weighing instruments

Test methods

Test methods are used to evaluate whether a product or system has adhered to a particular standard. They set out the steps that need to be followed to determine the properties of a product or component.

e.g. AS/NZS 2512.2:2006 sets out the conditional procedures for the testing of protective helmets

Management system standards

Management system standards detail a set of generic requirements for an organisation that can be generally applied to any organisation in any business sector.

e.g. ISO 9001:2015 sets out the criteria for a quality management system

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