Textiles, Clothing and Footwear (TCF)

About the TCF industry

The textile, clothing and footwear (TCF) manufacturing industries are diverse and cover a range of different products including ready-for-use textiles, clothing, carpet, footwear and technical (non-aesthetic) textiles such as textiles for automotive applications.

Traditional TCF manufacturing industries in Australia have been in transition for some time. Successful Australian manufacturers have generally moved from producing commodity goods to manufacturing specialised value-added goods that are differentiated by design or innovation.

Advanced applications for Australian TCF products include smart protective textiles for the military and emergency services, textile composites for aerospace and marine applications, medical textiles including tissue engineering scaffolds, filtration textiles for water and energy applications, fibrous materials as components of mobile phones and batteries and large scale applications in infrastructure, mining, agriculture, aquaculture and horticulture.

The following are examples of innovative Australian TCF companies.

  • Gale Pacific is a Victorian company focusing on woven, polymeric fabrics for screening and shading products for domestic, commercial and industrial applications including the Coolaroo brand of gazebos, shade sails and flyscreens.
  • Sydney-based manufacturer Zhik produces performance garments for professional athletes involved in water sports, especially sailing, and commercialises its innovations through R&D efforts involving the athletes. Zhik products are sold in more than 40 countries.
  • Canberra-based company Mont Adventure Equipment is a manufacturer of premium outdoor equipment such as clothing, packs, tents and sleeping bags. Mont also develops high-quality uniforms and gear for corporate, industrial, government and defence customers.
  • Imagine Intelligent Materials develops graphene-based conductive coatings for industrial textiles and fibres. These materials can sense and report real time stress, temperature and moisture for managing critical infrastructure maintenance such as roads, airports, tunnels, buildings, landfill sites and dams.

TCF statistics









Industry Value Added ($m)




Sales and Service income ($m)




Merchandise exports ($m)




R&D expenditure ($m)




Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics. *R&D expenditure is collected every two years. ~Data not available for publication.

Government Programmes

  • Register of Approved TCF Corporatewear
    The TCF Corporatewear Register allows employers to register non-compulsory occupational clothing, thereby avoiding liability for FBT and allowing employees to claim the cost of such clothing as a tax deduction. 

    More information is available on the Textile, Clothing and Footwear Corporatewear Register

Other information/reports

  • TCF Industry Patent Analytics Report
    This TCF Industry Patent Analytics Report analyses the intellectual property (IP) environment for the Australian TCF industry including the scale and intensity of patent activity, trademarks and designs. The analysis provides an overview of innovation originating from Australia.


Email: advancedmanufacturing@industry.gov.au

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