• Australia has 47 years of gas reserves at current production rates.
  • Australia is the second largest liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporter in the world. LNG is a compressed liquid form of gas where its volume reduces by 600 times, which is like a beach ball being compressed into a ping pong ball.
  • Australia has a world leading gas industry with the oil and gas industry employing around 80,000 people, many in regional towns.

Gas, also known as natural gas, is an essential part of our everyday lives where it is used for heating, cooking and electricity generation. It is also an important input into some manufacturing processes.

Gas can be sourced from different geological formations ranging from conventional reservoirs under land or the ocean to unconventional reservoirs in coal seams, shale or tight rock. The majority of gas in Australia is produced from onshore and offshore conventional reservoirs, and onshore coal seams.

Gas produced from coal seams, shale or tight rock is often referred to as ‘unconventional gas’ but it is the same type of product as that produced from reservoirs (‘conventional gas’), although the sources and production processes are different. For further information on gas from unconventional sources, please visit the unconventional gas page.

Australia is an exporter of LNG which is a compressed liquid form of natural gas. We have emerged as a world leader after an intense period of investment in developing LNG facilities, offshore gas fields and onshore coal seam gas projects, over the last decade. These investments bring jobs to regional towns and have helped build the multi-billion dollar LNG industry, supported by world class technologies.

The Australian Government supports the sustainable development of the country’s gas resources and our domestic gas supply security. A number of initiatives and programs are in place to support this objective, which include:

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