Carbon Capture and storage legislation and regulation

The Australian Government, through the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 (the Act) and supporting regulations, regulates pipeline transportation and injection and storage of carbon dioxide and potentially other greenhouse gases in geological formations in offshore areas.

The Act and regulations allow for the establishment of a regulatory framework for environment and safety requirements and the award of acreage to facilitate the exploration and understanding of potential geological storage formations.

Major features of the legislation include:

  • the provision of exploration, injection and storage rights through a title system similar to that used for petroleum
  • ensuring safe and secure storage through appropriate regulations
  • mechanisms for managing interactions with the petroleum industry
  • site closure and the treatment of long-term liability.

State and territory governments have the responsibility in regulating carbon capture and storage (CCS) activities that occur onshore and up to three nautical miles from the baseline according to their own legislation and regulation. In 2005, all Australian jurisdictions endorsed a set on guiding principles to ensure Australia has a nationally consistent regulatory framework on CSS.

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Commonwealth legislation and regulation on CCS:


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