Mineral Export Controls

Export control regulations are federal laws that prohibit the unlicensed export of certain commodities or information for reasons of national security or protections of trade.

In Australia, export prohibitions and restrictions in effect are designed to ensure quality control, administer trade embargoes and meet obligations under international arrangements.

There are two Commonwealth-administered mineral export controls. These cover:

  • Rough diamonds
    Rough diamonds may be exported only to countries participating in the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, an international effort to eliminate the trade in conflict diamonds. Accordingly, each rough diamond shipment must be accompanied by a Kimberley Process Certificate (KPC) issued by the department, which certifies that the rough diamond product is from legitimate sources, and not involved in funding conflict.
  • Uranium and related nuclear materials
    Export controls apply to uranium and related nuclear materials (including tantalum and mineral sands containing monazite) to ensure compliance with Australia's non proliferation policy obligations and safeguards regime. Export permits for uranium and other nuclear and related materials are issued by the department.

These Commonwealth-administered mineral export controls are administered by the department.

More information

For more information about Australia's minerals, see Australian mineral commodities.

For information about rough diamond export procedures see Kimberley Process Export Application.

For information about uranium and related nuclear materials, see Uranium & Controlled Ores Export Permissions.

Import queries should be directed to the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service in the first instance. Queries relating to the export of rough diamonds, uranium or related nuclear materials from Australia can be directed to KP.EXPORT.AUSTRALIA@industry.gov.au or uranium@industry.gov.au respectively.


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