The Australian Government is committed to creating a policy framework to expand Australia's resource base, increase the international competitiveness of our resources sector and improve the regulatory regime, consistent with the principles of environmental responsibility and sustainable development.

Resource and Energy Quarterly

For the latest data and analysis on Australia’s resources and energy sectors view the Resources and Energy Quarterly.


Through our programs, we assist the resources sector to develop internationally competitive and sustainable industries.

Upstream Petroleum

The upstream petroleum sector includes all petroleum exploration and extraction activities. The department provides the Australian Government with high-quality upstream offshore petroleum-related policy advice in the areas of:

Radioactive waste management

Radioactive waste management involves the treatment, conditioning, transportation, storage and disposal of all categories of radioactive wastes, including administrative, operational and safety-related activities.

Low Emission Technologies for Fossil Fuels

Low Emission Technologies for Fossil Fuels (LETFF) comprise those technologies or processes that through their deployment could result in measurable reduction in Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, either through capture, avoidance or by substantially improving efficiency. The Australian Government is encouraging industry to reduce GHG emissions through a range of LETFF initiatives.


Mining is a significant primary industry and contributor to the Australian economy. The department is engaged in several key mining activities.

  • Australia's mineral commodities
    The department has policy responsibility for a number of Australia's mineral commodities, including coal, iron ore, bauxite and aluminium.
  • Coal seam gas (CSG)
    The department works closely with state and territory governments who have primary responsibility for regulating the CSG industry.
  • Land Access Resources Working Group (LARWG)
    Responsible for identifying, developing, delivering and promoting strategic priorities and providing advice on land access and other community engagement issues arising in the onshore mineral resources sector.
  • National Mine Safety Framework
    The framework aims to achieve a nationally consistent occupational health and safety regime for the Australian mining industry.
  • Offshore exploration and mining
    Working in partnership with the states and the Northern Territory, the department assists in the awarding of exploration permits and other titles, and the regulation of industry activities.

Enhancing Australia's resources sector

The Australian Government has established a Resources 2030 Taskforce to identify bold, attainable reforms for our resources sector that will help secure the resources sector's future. The taskforce’s report will be used to develop a Resources Statement to ensure the sector’s competitiveness and sustainability to 2030.

Australia's economic arrangements are aimed at encouraging production while providing an adequate return to the Australian community.

  • Bilateral minerals and energy cooperation
    On behalf of the Australian Government, the department is responsible for regular bilateral minerals and energy consultations with Australia's major trading partners and other stakeholders.
  • Resources taxation
    To ensure that the community receives a benefit from the development of minerals extraction and petroleum production, the Commonwealth and state and territory governments apply resources taxation.

Councils, portfolio bodies and agencies

Industry Portfolio Regulation Reform

The portfolio is committed to a regulation reform agenda as a means of unlocking productivity and competitiveness gains for industry.

Industry Innovation and Competitiveness Agenda

The Industry Innovation and Competitiveness Agenda was announced on 14 October 2014. It focuses on providing the right economic incentives to enable businesses, big and small, to grow. It contains immediate reforms which will boost competitiveness and a range of proposals for public consultation.

    Office of the Chief Economist

    The Office of the Chief Economist’s primary goal is to produce objective, robust and high quality economic analysis to inform policy development across resources and energy, industry and innovation, skills and evaluation.